Environmental and Social Impact Assessment and Management Plan -ESMP for the GCF Programme “LoCAL: Supporting Resilient Island Communities in Tuvalu, the Solomon Islands, Fiji and Vanuatu through the Local Climate Adaptive Living (LoCAL) Mechanism
This Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) has been developed to support thedesign of the proposed Green Climate Fund (GCF) programme: LoCAL: Supporting ResilientIsland Communities in Tuvalu, the Solomon Islands, Fiji and Vanuatu through the Local ClimateAdaptive Living (LoCAL) Mechanism.Climate change magnifies socio-economic development challenges and compounds the negativeimpacts of unsustainable resource management practices in the Pacific Small Island DevelopingStates (SIDS) of Tuvalu, the Solomon Islands, Fiji and Vanuatu. These SIDS are particularlyvulnerable to climate change because of their high exposure to climate hazards such as sea levelrise, tropical storms, coastal inundation and extreme weather events. While local government andcommunities are uniquely placed to address these challenges, local adaptive capacity is constrainedby limited technical capacity and financial resources. However, local governments are also bestplaced to identify, prioritise and address climate change risks owing to their knowledge of localcontexts and needs.