Review of Economic and Livelihood Impact Assessments of, and Adaptation to, Climate Change in Melanesia
In the future no country will be immune from the impact of human-induced climate change.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is unequivocal in its
pronouncement that global warming will cause significant climate changes throughout the
world, including increases in air, sea surface and ocean temperatures and influencing pattern
of precipitation, wind flow and ocean salinity (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,
2007). The world is expected to experience increased climate variability as well as extreme
weather events, such as prolonged drought, heavy rains and heat waves, and the increased
frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones. Sea level rise is also predicted. The effects of
such changes will be significant to all the Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTS),
although the nature and degree of the socioeconomic impact of climate change cannot be
predicted with any certainty at this point in time.
This Melanesia project, undertaken by the Bishop Museum and SPREP, is part of a John D.
and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation initiative to help understand better adaptation
strategies suited to local circumstances, which are based on local information, good
governance and through the strengthening of conservation practices.