Adaptation made to measure
The growing amount of international climate ﬁnancing creates a particular need for clear, adaptation-relatedresults veriﬁcation to justify continued funding. Adaptation to climate change isstill a comparatively new ﬁeld of international cooperation with its own speciﬁcs but also withclose links to existing areas of work and methods, for example in disaster risk management, ruraldevelopment, agriculture, natural resource management and water. This guide seeks to help project designers and implementers to design adaptation projectsfrom the outset to pinpoint speciﬁc aspects of adaptation to climate change and provide therequisite clear evidence of results achieved by means of an appropriate results monitoringsystem. It therefore pays special attention to demonstrating the relation between adaptation and developmentand the challenges posed by the speciﬁcs of adaptation for the design of related projectsand measurement of their results. It proposes a ﬁve-step model, summarised in Figure 9. Speciﬁc examples of projects and indicators, particularly the CCA RAI project in India, illustratethe content and are intended as a reference point in designing adaptation projects and their M&Esystems.