MAINSTREAMING CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN THE PACIFIC
Climate change risks that impact development in the Pacific region will be with us for a long time.
Social, economic, political and environmental development goals will not be achieved in the region if
climate change risks are not given consideration at all phases of the development process. This guide
provides a practical tool for planners and practitioners at the national level, as well as supporting the
climate change mainstreaming efforts of regional organisations and partners.
The Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project, implemented by the Secretariat of the Pacific
Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), has put together this guide as a response to the need
from PACC-participating countries to integrate climate change risks into their national and sector
strategies and plans, and budgetary processes. The relevance of this guide will not only be limited to
PACC, but will be applicable to other climate change and risk management projects that are currently
being implemented in the region or are currently at the development phase.
SPREP gratefully acknowledges the funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and technical
guidance from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), provided through the PACC
project, which made the development of this guide possible. Up-scaling and replication of some
national PACC activities has already commenced in some countries using added financial resources
from AusAID. We look forward to further support in this area, and for other mainstreaming efforts in
The support of regional organisations and partners in the development of this guide, such as the
Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC); Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit
(GIZ); and the Pacific Regional and Samoa National Offices of UNDP, are also gratefully acknowledged,
as is the work of the consultant, Dr. Padma Lal
Climate change mainstreaming is about integrating climate risks into development planning processes
and decision-making. This means incorporating climate risk considerations into every aspect of the
policy and project development process. This applies to all key Government agencies and sectors (e.g.
Finance, Planning, Health, Agriculture, and Environment), and all levels of government (i.e. national
This can be thought of as applying a ‘climate lens’ to the work the Government is already doing. That
is, analysing each stage of policy and project formulation from a climate risk perspective, so that
the policy or project under consideration is more effective at reaching its original objectives, do not
create or increases vulnerability and sustainable.
For some policy and projects, climate risk will be a major consideration and will require substantive
analytical inputs. For others, climate risk may be a very minor consideration and thus would only
warrant a small amount of analytical work. Mainstreaming climate risks should further be thought of
as a process rather than as a goal. Outputs of mainstreaming exercises are just a means to an end, with
the end being the actual development outcomes.